Treatment for sickle cell disease is not usually curative, but is used to relieve pain symptoms and help prevent infections, lung damage, and strokes.
Treatment may also be given for complications from the disease and may include antibiotics, pain medications, intravenous fluids, and blood transfusions, which help with pain management and reduces the risk of stroke and other complications.
Iron overload (having an excess of iron) is a common issue after repeated blood transfusions. Too much iron can be toxic to the body and lead to organ damage. Sickle cell disease patients often receive treatment for iron overload as well.
Bone marrow transplantation is as an effective cure for some patients. Gene therapy is also being studied.
Diagnosing this disease as early as possible is optimum.